This is Chapter 2 of my dissertation. My research topic is High School Minority Dropouts. It is based on theorist John Ogbu’s theoretical framework called Cultural Ecology theory of academic disengagement. This theorist suggest two factors for academic disengagement, I wanna focus on his community forces which states minorities are disengaged due to factors such as peer pressure, socio economic status, family structure, language barriers etc. i would like a literature review based on his theory and its impact on minorities (black and hispanics) within NYC decision to drop out of high school.